Blog

Dangers of not whiten teeth with professionals

Many people seek to have a perfect smile and therefore undergo the treatments they think necessary to achieve it. One of the most used is that of teeth whitening.

Whitening is increasingly offered by more non-specialized centers such as aesthetic or hair removal clinics with non-dental personnel, with the dangers that this entails for patients.

These treatments are not safe and that carried out by non-specialists can have consequences for patients such as “burns, mucosal alterations or tooth sensitivity.

In this way, the teeth are not rid of the fever of the aesthetic clinics that have been in our society for years. These centers offer lower prices and promise practically unattainable results. They are the perfect bait for those who want it good, beautiful and cheap.

All whitening treatment must be prescribed by a dental health professional.

The most commonly used method for teeth whitening treatments is hydrogen peroxide and carbide peroxide. But these products have their dangers and should only be used by dental professionals.

Caution with miracle products

The miracle products, so well-known for example for thinning attempts, also exist in this case of tooth whitening. Certain pastes and products to “have white teeth” can be dangerous. These products are high abrasive content pastes whose function is to eliminate stains.

In short, as is the cause whitening treatments, aesthetic surgical interventions, etc. everything must have a way of being done that does not endanger the patient’s health.

The search for savings of a few dollars in beauty and aesthetic treatments can have short or long-term repercussions, in some cases irreversible that make it not worth the risk.

Dental cracks

The dental cracks is considered as a structural loss of the tooth that is not due to any bacteria, but is due to a very frequent trauma on the teeth and caused by an excess of the force of the bite on them. There is, therefore, a loss of hard dental tissues.

Dental cracks has a series of consequences:

  • The thickness of the enamel is lost in the area of ​​the neck of the tooth. The fragile and brittle enamel prisms break due to the deformation produced by the force of the bite.
  • The enamel is subjected to constant flexion by occlusal movements. In the neck of the tooth the flexural deformation takes place, in normal periodontal conditions, since the tooth and the alveolar bone have a similar modulus of elasticity. Like the crown, with its rigid enamel layer, it cannot be deformed. The deformation can only take place in the neck of the tooth. This causes the hard substance to break, facilitating greater permeability and making the chemical restructuring of the tooth easier.
  • The exposed dentine is predisposed to abrasion by brushing and the action of cariogenic agents.

Treatment of dental cracks.

The early dental treatment of the cracks is performed by occlusal adjustment, to reduce flexion and compression. The treatment of dental cracks depends on their characteristics. In general, a restoration with resin is sufficient in most cases, however in cases of sensitivity, restoration can be recommended with another type of protective material, such as the glass monomer, or the combination of these two materials. These restorations tend to be quick, as there is no infected material as in the case of tooth decay, it is not necessary to wear the affected surface. In addition, discharge splints must be used to neutralize the mechanical stress factors that contribute to progress of these injuries.

Definition of teeth

The teeth are one of the most important parts of our body. They are found inside our mouths and we use them especially to chew, crush, the food we eat. This crushing will obviously facilitate its transfer through the digestive tract. They also turn out to be indispensable when it comes to oral expression. We have only to observe a person without teeth speaking to realize how difficult it will be to understand their diction without teeth.

For these important functions that deploy is that we must take care of them in a preventive way to avoid being affected by some of the typical conditions, such as tooth decay, plaque, gingivitis or inflammation of the gums, among others.

The teeth of human beings are characterized by their white color and by their hardness, that is, they are rather solid bodies that are made up of calcium and phosphorus. They are implanted in the jaw bones of the jaw, in the mouth.

Meanwhile, there are four types of teeth that people have and each of these has a particular function: the canines tear, the incisors cut the food, and the molars are responsible for grinding and the premolars to crush food.

Its appearance occurs at an early age, a few months of life of any person, while, those teeth, popularly known as baby teeth, are temporary, at the age of five or six years fall spontaneously and the definitive denture emerges.

The moment of replacing the milk teething is usually a very special moment for the person given that at a certain point marks its maturity.

Brush them regularly after meals and make regular visits to the dentist, who is the professional who takes care of the health of the teeth.

Dental abscess

What is a dental abscess?

A dental abscess (or phlegm on in more colloquial language) is an accumulation of pus caused by a bacterial infection originating inside the tooth (tooth pulp). It usually occurs as a result of an untreated caries or a tear or crack in the tooth that allows bacteria to access it.

The treatment consists of draining the abscess and eliminating the infection of the affected area. The tooth can be saved with an endodontic treatment but in some cases it may be necessary to remove the affected tooth. If the dental abscess is not treated properly, serious health complications can occur.

You can prevent dental abscess with good oral hygiene habits, a good diet and going regularly to check-ups with the dentist.

Symptoms of a dental abscess

The most frequent symptoms of a dental abscess are:

  • Severe, persistent and throbbing pain
  • Sensitivity to heat
  • Pressure sensitivity when chewing or biting
  • Fever
  • Inflammation of the face or cheek
  • Swollen or tender lymph nodes under the jaw or in the neck
  • Sudden discharge of malodorous liquid with bad taste and disappearance of pain if the abscess breaks.

When to go to the dentist

Visit your dentist as soon as possible if you have any signs or symptoms of a tooth abscess. If you have a fever and swelling of the face and cannot contact your dentist, go to the Emergency Department. Fever and inflammation may indicate that the infection has spread to the maxilla and adjacent tissues and even to other areas of your body.

Causes of a dental abscess Dental abscess

The dental abscess occurs when the bacteria invade the dental pulp, which is the innermost and softest part of the tooth formed by connective tissue and which contains blood vessels and nerve endings.

Bacteria enter through a cavity or fissure in the tooth and extend to the root. This infection causes inflammation and the space so narrow in which this inflammation occurs force the pus to leave forming a bag (or abscess) at the tip of the root.

Complications

The dental abscess will not be cured without treatment. If the abscess breaks, the pain may decrease significantly but dental treatment is still necessary. If it does not drain, the infection can spread to the maxilla and other areas of the face and neck. In extreme cases it can cause septicemia (widespread infection throughout the body with risk of death).

If you have a weakened immune system and leave the abscess untreated you have much more risk of the infection spreading.

Tests and diagnosis

In addition to examining the affected tooth and the area around it, your dentist can perform one or more of the following tests:

  • Gently tap the affected tooth. A tooth with an abscess in the root is very sensitive to touch and pressure.
  • X-rays to identify the abscess and extent of infection
  • Lab tests. In those cases in which the first antibiotics are not working, knowing which bacteria is the cause of the infection allows a much more specific treatment.

Treatment and medication

The main objective of the treatment is to drain the abscess and eliminate the infection. For this, the dentist will usually opt for one of these procedures:

  • Perform an endodontic. This treatment helps eliminate the infection and save the tooth. For this the dentist drills the tooth, eliminates the infected pulp and drains the abscess. The pulp chamber and root canal of the tooth are filled with a special material and sealed. Then the dentist protects the tooth with a crown. An endodonced tooth can last a lifetime if properly cared for.
  • Extract the affected tooth. If the tooth cannot be saved, the dentist will remove it and drain the abscess to eliminate all infection.
  • Prescription of antibiotics. It may not be necessary if the infection is limited to the abscess area. In cases where the infection is more widespread (nearby teeth, jaw, face, neck, etc.) your dentist will prescribe antibiotics to stop the infection. If you have a depressed immune system for some reason, you may also recommend antibiotics.

Home care

  • While the abscess area heals, you can do the following to relieve the discomfort:
  • Rinse your mouth with warm salt water
  • Take some painkiller

How to prevent abscess

Avoiding tooth decay is essential to prevent a phlegm on from coming out. Therefore all the tips to prevent cavities are applicable here:

  • Brush your teeth at least twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste
  • Use dental floss or interproximal brushes daily
  • Use dental floss or interproximal brush provided that food is packaged between the teeth
  • Avoid the most harmful foods for the teeth
  • Visit the dentist regularly for professional cleaning and revisions
  • Use the mouthwash that your dentist has recommended for you

Dental abscess symptoms and treatment

An abscess is an injury infected by bacteria that is characterized by the accumulation of pus inside the affected tissue. When our teeth or gums are suffering some damage and we do not pay the attention that we must to solve it opportunely, a consequence can be the infection and accumulation of pus of the tissues related to the tooth, forming what we know as a dental abscess. This can cause the suffering of symptoms such as stinging pain and pressure, as well as fever, swollen neck ganglia, bad taste in the mouth, among others. To avoid severe complications, it is very important to visit the dentist as soon as possible to cure the infection completely and restore the affected tooth as much as possible.

Causes of dental abscess

The dental abscess may have different origins and depending on the tissue that it affects, it will be given a name or another to describe it. In most cases, the affected tooth has an advanced caries that produces extensive destruction of the tissues and compromises the pulp of the tooth, that is, the component that gives life to the tooth. If an early solution is not given to this and the lesion continues to advance, the pulp tissue dies and produces the spread of bacteria through the extreme end of the root (apex) and a cluster of said bacteria, producing what we know as a periodical abscess.

In other situations, the infection has its origin at the level of the gum as a result of a deposit of bacterial plaque on the surface of the teeth, which produces the formation of large gaps between the gum and the tooth, known as periodontal pockets. When these bags are filled with bacteria they can become infected, producing a gingival or periodontal abscess, depending on their depth. Other cases in which the formation of abscesses in the gum can occur is the presence of foreign bodies or the packing of food in the space between the gum and the tooth.

A very common case of dental abscesses is related to the eruption process of the third molars (wisdom teeth). During this process, a space is usually formed between the gum and the tooth similar to that of a periodontal pocket, inside which the bacteria grow very easily, causing tissue inflammation and infection. This process is known as pericoronaritis, which is one of the most common causes of pain related to third molars.

Symptoms of dental abscess

Among the main symptoms of dental abscess is pain, which is caused by the irritation caused by the infectious process on the tissues affected and the inflammation that accompanies the infection. This pain usually appears mainly during chewing, although it can also be spontaneous and in cases of periodontal abscesses there is often pain when it comes to contact with cold or hot foods.

You can get a bad taste due to the discharge of pus from the tissues to the mouth, especially in cases of pericoronitis and periodontal abscesses, and this outflow of pus may be accompanied by blood.

Due to inflammation, the gum enlarges and turns red. When a periodontal abscess has advanced enough, it can produce destruction of the bone that supports the tooth, so it begins to have mobility.

In the periodical abscess, when the infection has long been present, it begins to produce a destruction of the bone until it reaches the gum, forming a red bulge through which the pus escapes. This path from the infection to the gum is called a “fistula” and its appearance is related to a momentary relief of pain.

Complications of the dental abscess

When the abscess is not controlled, the affected person may develop fever and inflammation of the lymph nodes.

In the most severe cases, the infection can spread to other regions through muscle fibers or cause inflammation of a wide area of ​​the face, producing a cervicofacial cellulitis. A very rare situation is the spread of infection through the blood and causing infection of other tissues (sepsis).

Treatment of dental abscess

It is important to mention that no abscess of dental origin is cured only by the use of antibiotics (even when they help to control it), since it is always necessary to drain the accumulation of pus and eliminate the agent that caused the appearance of the infection. First place. This is done in different ways depending on the type of abscess the person has:

  • Periodical abscesses: the tooth must undergo a procedure called endodontic treatment, also known as root canal treatment. This procedure is carried out by a dentist specialist in endodontic and consists in eliminating the dead tissue and infection along the root and bone with the help of substances and antiseptic medicines. Once the ducts and bone have been disinfected, the endodontic seals the entrance to the duct to prevent reinfection.
  • Periodontal abscesses: you should see a periodontics. The treatment consists of draining the infection and then a procedure called scaling and root planning, which consists of the removal of plaque and calculation of the roots of the affected tooth, and create a suitable surface for the recovery of the gum.
  • Treatment for pericoronaritis: it is carried out by an oral surgeon. In general, this condition is a criterion to opt for the extraction of the wisdom teeth, since although the inflamed tissue can be removed by a procedure called operculectomy, the only definitive treatment for pericoronitis is the extraction of the wisdom teeth.

However, when a tooth affected by an abscess has too extensive destruction of its structure or the surrounding bone and the chances of recovery are few or none, it is necessary to extract it to drain the infection.

We invite you to go to a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.

Dental brushing techniques

Dental brushing is the first step to maintaining a healthy smile. But if we want to eliminate the maximum amount of bacterial remains, it is fundamental to have a good technique.

Brushing is one of the first oral hygiene techniques that are learned in childhood. Some recommendations to maintain a good tooth brushing are that it lasts between two and three minutes, using a good toothpaste … It is not the same to brush sensitive teeth as with the gums inflamed by periodontal disease. Also keep in mind that the brush, both electric and manual, tends to wear over time. Therefore, many professionals recommend replacing it once every three months. How do I know if my brush no longer cleans the same? A very clear signal is that the filaments are very open.

The best dental brushing techniques

  • Bass technique

It is the most recommended technique. What does it consist of? Very simple: in making smooth and inclined movements of the gum towards the edge of the tooth. This technique allows the gingival sulcus to be cleaned more deeply. But it is important not to exert too much pressure, to avoid bleeding and retraction of the gums. In fact, there are many patients who believe that by exerting more pressure cleaning is more effective. Nothing is further from reality, since abrasion and tooth sensitivity are favored.

To perform this technique correctly, it is advisable to place the toothbrush at a 45-degree angle. Using the Bass technique can prevent inflammation and bleeding of the gums. In addition, it is advisable to brush each tooth applying this technique for about ten or fifteen seconds. This system is especially advisable in patients with some periodontal disease.

  • Vertical technique

It consists of brushing the teeth of the upper arch in contact with those of the lower arch making vertical movements. This technique is also highly recommended by many experts.

  • Circular technique

This technique is especially recommended for the little ones. It consists of brushing making circular movements. In this way we get to cover from the upper gum line to the lower completely. In addition to eliminating the remains of bacteria, children massage their gums.

But maintaining a healthy and radiant smile is not achieved only with brushing. In fact, the brush alone cannot reach the most difficult parts of the oral cavity, such as the spaces between the teeth. It is therefore important to incorporate other interproximal hygiene techniques, such as dental floss and mouthwash. It is also very important to see a trusted dentist regularly. The most recommended is once every six months, to keep the smile healthy and radiant.

Dental care during pregnancy is of utmost importance

Dental care during pregnancy should be extreme. During the gestation stage, the woman’s body supports a series of biochemical changes. Also of the pregnant woman’s own behavior. All this can also be reflected in the mouth and teeth. There is a greater risk of caries or gum problems starting. For these reasons as long as it is known that there is a pregnancy, the visit to the dentist should be something forced. More like prevention than anything else.

During pregnancy, proper hygiene and dental care must be maintained. A very balanced diet should be followed. Apart from that, it should be noted that the baby does not get its calcium from the mother’s teeth (as is commonly believed). He gets it from his mother’s diet and if it is insufficient, he takes it from the bones.

In the event that a pregnancy appears to cause tooth decay, the following may occur:

When the abdomen grows, it presses on the stomach and changes the nutritional habits and meal times. Pregnant women tend to eat between hours hunger. If there is no good hygiene behind those mini meals almost always sweet (packaged juices, sticky things that stick to the teeth, pastries, etc.) will end up producing plaque and with them, bacteria. Neglecting hygiene causes an accumulation of said bacteria. These produce acids that corrupt the enamel of the teeth. That’s the beginning of decay.

Also the vomiting that is associated with pregnancy produces excess acids and reflux as well. To have good dental care, these acids must be neutralized with brushing several times a day.

Special care for the gums

In hygiene and dental care during pregnancy, one must pay close attention to the gums. The hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy, favor gingivitis or inflammation and redness. Gingivitis causes bleeding during brushing and generalized pain in the mouth.

During the second month of pregnancy, it can be seen that many women suffer from gum problems. This is increasing until the eighth month of pregnancy. Improvement after childbirth and if the pregnant woman already had the tendency to have gum problems, this will be aggravated during pregnancy.

Another problem for which a pregnant woman will need to pay more attention to dental care is that during the second trimester of pregnancy a pyogenic pregnancy granuloma may appear. It is a bulging and bleeding lesion on the gum. This usually develops in the upper jaw and almost always in the area of ​​the gum that is out. Although after childbirth it decreases until it disappears. It is very unpleasant.

Obviously, all the hormonal changes produced during the gestation period cannot be controlled. But its consequences and among them are the teeth. Good hygiene and good dental care are key so that over time, the woman does not end up losing teeth or having serious consequences.

Dental care – Do X-rays of dental treatments represent a risk for pregnant women?

Always remember that pregnancy is not a disease and therefore, you can go to the dentist as many times as necessary to maintain good dental care. Cleanings to remove the tartar, professional surveillance of the gums, prevention, etc. They are all actions that result benefits or avoid harm.

If it is in the hands of a dentist, he will advise you when the best time to perform dental treatments is. Generally during the second trimester of pregnancy, you can already use local anesthesia for any treatment. The dentist will know what drugs to use so they do not affect the baby.

On dental care radiographs, the dentist will also decide. It must be said that the beam of light does not go to the belly and it is a small amount of radiation that is used. Not for that reason, there is no need to take care, although, as we have said, it is the dentist who will know best what to do and when and will value. Pregnant women are usually put on a lead apron that covers the abdomen of the pregnant woman and protects the baby.

Dental care during pregnancy is very important, but if there are treatments that you can postpone until after you have given birth, the best. In this article, we try to show the importance of preventing problems, not curing.

Dental crowns

The placement of crowns or dental bridges are used to completely cover one or several destroyed teeth. You can also go to this procedure to improve the appearance or alignment of one or more teeth.

Dental crowns

The crowns could be made of ceramic, acrylic and metal alloys that tend to be more resistant and are recommended for posterior teeth. With the ceramic ones, it can be achieved that the color matches the natural teeth of the patient.

Crowns and most bridges are dental prostheses that are placed in a fixed manner and, unlike removable prostheses, which can be removed and cleaned daily, the placement of crowns or bridges consists of cementing on existing teeth or implants and only a dentist could extract them.

It is very important to maintain good oral hygiene after the placement of crowns or bridge to allow its duration for many years, because with the right care can last a lifetime.

How do dental bridges work?

When one or more teeth are missing, the free spaces between them cause that, with time, the remaining teeth rotate or move towards the empty spaces which causes an inappropriate bite. This imbalance can also lead to gum disease and temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders.

The bridges occupy the space left by one or more missing teeth. The dentist cements the bridges to the natural teeth or to the dental implants that surround the empty space. These teeth, called pillars, serve to anchor the bridge. Then, join a replacement tooth (in the missing space), this tooth is called poetic, and joins the crowns that cover the abutment teeth.

How to know if you need a dental crown or bridge?

They are necessary in the following cases:

  • When you need to protect a tooth that is weakened by decay.
  • When it is necessary to restore a fractured tooth or that has suffered a great wear.
  • To cover pieces with severe color or shape alterations.
  • To rehabilitate an implant prosthetic ally.
  • When it is necessary to replace a missing piece in the event that it is not possible to perform an implant.
  • When you need to replace large seals and there is not enough tooth left.
  • Prevent a weakened tooth from fracturing
  • To cover a tooth that has undergone a root canal treatment

Types of materials used in dental crowns and bridges

The crowns can be made entirely of ceramic or zirconium, metal, ceramic on metal or acrylic resin.

  • Total ceramic or zirconium crowns: It is the most aesthetic material that exists today. It is recommended for the restoration of teeth due to color, which resembles that of natural teeth and have the advantage of allowing the passage of light through its structure, as would a natural tooth. The material can be brittle (in the case of very strong bites), but it is highly resistant to wear. The removal of a small part of the dental structure is necessary for the application of this type of crown.
  • Ceramic crowns on metal: In this type of crowns the fused ceramics is attached to the external part of the metal structure, serving as a sealant and thus preventing the recurrence of caries. This type of dental crowns are strong and durable and are generally used in the posterior sectors of the mouth because the metal core being totally opaque, does not allow the passage of light as it occurs in natural teeth. It is required to remove only a moderate amount of tooth structure.
  • Crowns of metal alloys: They can be made of gold alloys with copper and other metals and alloys of base metals, the gold ones being more resistant to wear and fractures.
  • Acrylic resin crowns: They are used as temporary dental crowns.

Placement of crowns step by step

The first step is that the dentist must reduce the size of the tooth or teeth in order for the crown or bridge to fit properly on it.

Then, it will take a dental impression that will provide you with an exact mold for the crown or bridge.

If you are going to use ceramic, the dentist will determine the correct dye so that the color matches that of your teeth.

A technician or dental laboratory makes the crown or bridge of the material specified by the dentist and while it is done, the dentist will place a temporary one to cover the prepared tooth. When the permanent is ready, it will be cemented to the prepared tooth or teeth.

Child stress, enemy of the teeth

In recent years there has been a worrying increase in stress among the youngest, with figures of 8% in the child population and 20% in the adolescents. The reasons for this increase are due to factors such as social and academic pressure, after-school classes, the acceleration of learning and the concern to improve. And these levels of stress severely affect oral health.

We know that the body’s reaction to stress is very varied but one of the most sensitive parts is the oral cavity. The picture of childhood stress includes psychic effects such as compulsive eating and rich in sugars and behaviors such as the appearance of harmful habits (sucking the finger, biting the lip, bruxism, lack of hygiene …) that directly affect oral health.

Periodontal disease, which causes inflammation and bleeding of the gums that can be linked to anxiety, is one of the first symptoms of stress in children’s dental health. This condition can lead to gingivitis, with a greater accumulation of bacterial plaque and even loss of dental support bone. Other associated problems are sores, thrush (ulcers), herpes, malocclusions or various injuries.

For all this it is essential to detect and treat stress in children to avoid suffering in adulthood. For this, oral reviews can be of great help since the dentist is, in many cases, the one that detects the associated pathologies.

Coffee makes teeth whiter?

It offers an interesting approach but it needs to be confirmed by additional studies.

 Coffee reduces the action of bacteria

Some constituents of coffee reduce the action of bacteria by preventing their adhesion to the teeth and therefore have beneficial effects on oral health. In this context, it would seem appropriate to extract some of these compounds to introduce them into preventive treatments of carious lesions and dental hygiene products, such as toothpastes.

Be careful, however: the coffee will not remove the carious lesions. And it is not either by drinking coffee all the time that we will reduce the number of cavities. It’s the same as for wine: just because some components of wine are good for health does not mean that you have to drink a bottle a day.

In addition, if you have a daily consumption of coffee, it is better to opt for a concentrated and sugar-free product, the latter inhibiting its benefits.

 But no, it will not make your teeth whiter

As for the effects of coffee on teeth whitening, it’s totally wrong. Excess consumption of coffee will, on the contrary, lead to tooth staining, due to the tannins, which are also present in the tea. The coffee will therefore make no teeth whiter.

We already knew the beneficial effects of certain products on oral health. This is for example the case of tannins, which, beyond the coloration of teeth, have interesting effects. Cocoa contains fluorine, which strengthens the resistance of tooth enamel. But this is true only for pure cocoa, and it does not mean that I would recommend eating three chocolate bars a day…!

Be that as it may, and if you only take into account the few studies on this subject, at present, nothing beats a good brushing of teeth with fluoride toothpaste morning and evening for two minutes. It’s still the best prevention element we have!