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Dental care during pregnancy is of utmost importance

Dental care during pregnancy should be extreme. During the gestation stage, the woman’s body supports a series of biochemical changes. Also of the pregnant woman’s own behavior. All this can also be reflected in the mouth and teeth. There is a greater risk of caries or gum problems starting. For these reasons as long as it is known that there is a pregnancy, the visit to the dentist should be something forced. More like prevention than anything else.

During pregnancy, proper hygiene and dental care must be maintained. A very balanced diet should be followed. Apart from that, it should be noted that the baby does not get its calcium from the mother’s teeth (as is commonly believed). He gets it from his mother’s diet and if it is insufficient, he takes it from the bones.

In the event that a pregnancy appears to cause tooth decay, the following may occur:

When the abdomen grows, it presses on the stomach and changes the nutritional habits and meal times. Pregnant women tend to eat between hours hunger. If there is no good hygiene behind those mini meals almost always sweet (packaged juices, sticky things that stick to the teeth, pastries, etc.) will end up producing plaque and with them, bacteria. Neglecting hygiene causes an accumulation of said bacteria. These produce acids that corrupt the enamel of the teeth. That’s the beginning of decay.

Also the vomiting that is associated with pregnancy produces excess acids and reflux as well. To have good dental care, these acids must be neutralized with brushing several times a day.

Special care for the gums

In hygiene and dental care during pregnancy, one must pay close attention to the gums. The hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy, favor gingivitis or inflammation and redness. Gingivitis causes bleeding during brushing and generalized pain in the mouth.

During the second month of pregnancy, it can be seen that many women suffer from gum problems. This is increasing until the eighth month of pregnancy. Improvement after childbirth and if the pregnant woman already had the tendency to have gum problems, this will be aggravated during pregnancy.

Another problem for which a pregnant woman will need to pay more attention to dental care is that during the second trimester of pregnancy a pyogenic pregnancy granuloma may appear. It is a bulging and bleeding lesion on the gum. This usually develops in the upper jaw and almost always in the area of ​​the gum that is out. Although after childbirth it decreases until it disappears. It is very unpleasant.

Obviously, all the hormonal changes produced during the gestation period cannot be controlled. But its consequences and among them are the teeth. Good hygiene and good dental care are key so that over time, the woman does not end up losing teeth or having serious consequences.

Dental care – Do X-rays of dental treatments represent a risk for pregnant women?

Always remember that pregnancy is not a disease and therefore, you can go to the dentist as many times as necessary to maintain good dental care. Cleanings to remove the tartar, professional surveillance of the gums, prevention, etc. They are all actions that result benefits or avoid harm.

If it is in the hands of a dentist, he will advise you when the best time to perform dental treatments is. Generally during the second trimester of pregnancy, you can already use local anesthesia for any treatment. The dentist will know what drugs to use so they do not affect the baby.

On dental care radiographs, the dentist will also decide. It must be said that the beam of light does not go to the belly and it is a small amount of radiation that is used. Not for that reason, there is no need to take care, although, as we have said, it is the dentist who will know best what to do and when and will value. Pregnant women are usually put on a lead apron that covers the abdomen of the pregnant woman and protects the baby.

Dental care during pregnancy is very important, but if there are treatments that you can postpone until after you have given birth, the best. In this article, we try to show the importance of preventing problems, not curing.

Dental crowns

The placement of crowns or dental bridges are used to completely cover one or several destroyed teeth. You can also go to this procedure to improve the appearance or alignment of one or more teeth.

Dental crowns

The crowns could be made of ceramic, acrylic and metal alloys that tend to be more resistant and are recommended for posterior teeth. With the ceramic ones, it can be achieved that the color matches the natural teeth of the patient.

Crowns and most bridges are dental prostheses that are placed in a fixed manner and, unlike removable prostheses, which can be removed and cleaned daily, the placement of crowns or bridges consists of cementing on existing teeth or implants and only a dentist could extract them.

It is very important to maintain good oral hygiene after the placement of crowns or bridge to allow its duration for many years, because with the right care can last a lifetime.

How do dental bridges work?

When one or more teeth are missing, the free spaces between them cause that, with time, the remaining teeth rotate or move towards the empty spaces which causes an inappropriate bite. This imbalance can also lead to gum disease and temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders.

The bridges occupy the space left by one or more missing teeth. The dentist cements the bridges to the natural teeth or to the dental implants that surround the empty space. These teeth, called pillars, serve to anchor the bridge. Then, join a replacement tooth (in the missing space), this tooth is called poetic, and joins the crowns that cover the abutment teeth.

How to know if you need a dental crown or bridge?

They are necessary in the following cases:

  • When you need to protect a tooth that is weakened by decay.
  • When it is necessary to restore a fractured tooth or that has suffered a great wear.
  • To cover pieces with severe color or shape alterations.
  • To rehabilitate an implant prosthetic ally.
  • When it is necessary to replace a missing piece in the event that it is not possible to perform an implant.
  • When you need to replace large seals and there is not enough tooth left.
  • Prevent a weakened tooth from fracturing
  • To cover a tooth that has undergone a root canal treatment

Types of materials used in dental crowns and bridges

The crowns can be made entirely of ceramic or zirconium, metal, ceramic on metal or acrylic resin.

  • Total ceramic or zirconium crowns: It is the most aesthetic material that exists today. It is recommended for the restoration of teeth due to color, which resembles that of natural teeth and have the advantage of allowing the passage of light through its structure, as would a natural tooth. The material can be brittle (in the case of very strong bites), but it is highly resistant to wear. The removal of a small part of the dental structure is necessary for the application of this type of crown.
  • Ceramic crowns on metal: In this type of crowns the fused ceramics is attached to the external part of the metal structure, serving as a sealant and thus preventing the recurrence of caries. This type of dental crowns are strong and durable and are generally used in the posterior sectors of the mouth because the metal core being totally opaque, does not allow the passage of light as it occurs in natural teeth. It is required to remove only a moderate amount of tooth structure.
  • Crowns of metal alloys: They can be made of gold alloys with copper and other metals and alloys of base metals, the gold ones being more resistant to wear and fractures.
  • Acrylic resin crowns: They are used as temporary dental crowns.

Placement of crowns step by step

The first step is that the dentist must reduce the size of the tooth or teeth in order for the crown or bridge to fit properly on it.

Then, it will take a dental impression that will provide you with an exact mold for the crown or bridge.

If you are going to use ceramic, the dentist will determine the correct dye so that the color matches that of your teeth.

A technician or dental laboratory makes the crown or bridge of the material specified by the dentist and while it is done, the dentist will place a temporary one to cover the prepared tooth. When the permanent is ready, it will be cemented to the prepared tooth or teeth.

Child stress, enemy of the teeth

In recent years there has been a worrying increase in stress among the youngest, with figures of 8% in the child population and 20% in the adolescents. The reasons for this increase are due to factors such as social and academic pressure, after-school classes, the acceleration of learning and the concern to improve. And these levels of stress severely affect oral health.

We know that the body’s reaction to stress is very varied but one of the most sensitive parts is the oral cavity. The picture of childhood stress includes psychic effects such as compulsive eating and rich in sugars and behaviors such as the appearance of harmful habits (sucking the finger, biting the lip, bruxism, lack of hygiene …) that directly affect oral health.

Periodontal disease, which causes inflammation and bleeding of the gums that can be linked to anxiety, is one of the first symptoms of stress in children’s dental health. This condition can lead to gingivitis, with a greater accumulation of bacterial plaque and even loss of dental support bone. Other associated problems are sores, thrush (ulcers), herpes, malocclusions or various injuries.

For all this it is essential to detect and treat stress in children to avoid suffering in adulthood. For this, oral reviews can be of great help since the dentist is, in many cases, the one that detects the associated pathologies.

Coffee makes teeth whiter?

It offers an interesting approach but it needs to be confirmed by additional studies.

 Coffee reduces the action of bacteria

Some constituents of coffee reduce the action of bacteria by preventing their adhesion to the teeth and therefore have beneficial effects on oral health. In this context, it would seem appropriate to extract some of these compounds to introduce them into preventive treatments of carious lesions and dental hygiene products, such as toothpastes.

Be careful, however: the coffee will not remove the carious lesions. And it is not either by drinking coffee all the time that we will reduce the number of cavities. It’s the same as for wine: just because some components of wine are good for health does not mean that you have to drink a bottle a day.

In addition, if you have a daily consumption of coffee, it is better to opt for a concentrated and sugar-free product, the latter inhibiting its benefits.

 But no, it will not make your teeth whiter

As for the effects of coffee on teeth whitening, it’s totally wrong. Excess consumption of coffee will, on the contrary, lead to tooth staining, due to the tannins, which are also present in the tea. The coffee will therefore make no teeth whiter.

We already knew the beneficial effects of certain products on oral health. This is for example the case of tannins, which, beyond the coloration of teeth, have interesting effects. Cocoa contains fluorine, which strengthens the resistance of tooth enamel. But this is true only for pure cocoa, and it does not mean that I would recommend eating three chocolate bars a day…!

Be that as it may, and if you only take into account the few studies on this subject, at present, nothing beats a good brushing of teeth with fluoride toothpaste morning and evening for two minutes. It’s still the best prevention element we have!

Dental cysts, types and treatment

Cysts are abnormal cavities covered by a thin membrane that can form anywhere in the body. Teeth that have certain conditions can produce cysts in the surrounding bone, known as odontogenic cysts. Although they are not as common as other conditions that can appear in the mouth such as periodontitis or gingivitis, they have the capacity to produce important lesions in the teeth themselves or in the bone where it is being formed, as well as the potential to become tumors, therefore, its identification and timely elimination is important.

Why dental cysts are produced

In most cases, a cyst is one of the final stages of the evolution of an infection of dental origin that has not been treated properly, or that has simply not been treated. In this evolution, the first lesion is a dental abscess that the organism tries to control with the formation of a granuloma. When a granuloma is not treated, with the passage of time develops a cavity in its interior and a membrane in the periphery, thus forming a cyst.

Another possibility is that the cysts form due to some defect during the development of a tooth that causes the retention of fluid inside a membrane that normally covers the tooth while it is inside the bone during its formation.

Types of dental cysts

There is a large number of cysts, although some are much more frequent than others:

Periodical cyst: It is the result of a granuloma that was not treated properly, and is formed in the final portion of the root of a tooth.

Recurrent cyst: When a cyst is not completely removed after extraction of the affected tooth, it can be re-formed producing this type of cyst

Periodontal cyst: It looks like the first, but appears on the side of the tooth root.

Dentigerous cyst: Caused by the growth of a cavity inside a membrane that covers the crown of the teeth when they are inside the bone.

Rash cyst: It appears in children when the membrane that covers the crown fills up with fluid when the teeth try to erupt.

Gingival cyst: It’s similar to the previous one, but occurs in adults.

Newborn cyst: They appear in the gums of newborn babies and do not need any treatment.

Symptoms of dental cysts

Being a chronic condition, in most cases dental cysts do not produce symptoms, but they can cause discomfort and pain if they become infected. Cysts are cavities that can expand to considerable dimensions and do so at the expense of bone, consuming it as they grow. The larger ones can produce significant bone loss and even create perforations.

When a dental cyst causes the loss of the bone that surrounds the teeth, these can reach a considerable degree of mobility by removing the support. Although dental cysts consume bone, they very rarely consume any part of the structure of a tooth. What they can cause is the displacement of the teeth, being able to move them to spaces completely away from the corresponding one and even preventing them from erupting when they produce their retention inside the bone when they appear at very early ages.

The loss of bone can compromise neighboring structures such as the floor of the eye socket or the walls of the maxillary sinuses, which are part of the airways. It can also compress the nerves when they are close to these, producing alterations in the perception of touch.

Diagnosis of dental cysts

The inspection of the patient allows detecting alterations that may be suggestive of a cyst, such as the alteration of the shape of the bones, mobility and displacement of teeth or their absence without previous history of extractions, and extensive caries in teeth without endodontic treatment. They have never been restored.

In general, the cysts are observed through a panoramic radiograph, although once the cyst is found, a computerized tomography is recommended to determine possible damage.

Treatment of dental cysts

The treatment of a dental cyst always consists in its elimination, since these structures have the capacity to produce bone losses that compromise the stability of neighboring teeth, as well as having the potential to turn into malignant lesions.

The procedure by which it is removed will depend on the type of cyst. In periodical cysts, for example, it is necessary to do a root canal treatment on the affected tooth and then perform a procedure called apicoectomy, which consists of removing the cyst along with the terminal portion of the root.

When the affected tooth is much destroyed and has no possibility of restoration, it is removed after which the cyst is removed and the bone is cleaned. Periodontal cysts can be eliminated without doing any treatment on the tooth, since they are conditions that do not compromise them.

Some more complicated cases, such as in dentigerous cysts, require a more extensive intervention to reach the affected tooth. In most cases the tooth must be removed as well, but when it has a good prognosis it can be left for relocation by orthodontics.

Some cysts may not need any treatment if they do not cause changes on the teeth.

This article is purely informative. We invite you to go to a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.

Dental enamel what is it and what is it for

Dental enamel covers every tooth and protects it from possible damage, and is vital for good dental health. Enamel is a hard substance that is found in the lining of the teeth, and is the visible part of the teeth. Being a translucent substance is partly responsible for the color of the teeth. The hardest substance in the human body is enamel, it is harder than bones; even so, it can deteriorate when it is exposed to acids and bacteria, and it does not regenerate.

The main purpose of enamel, as we have already mentioned, is to protect teeth from possible damage when eating. The nerves in the teeth are also sensitive to cold and heat, and the enamel prevents the pain and discomfort that occurs if these nerves come into contact with hot and cold foods and drinks.

Although the enamel is very hard at the same time it is quite fragile and can suffer breakage and peeling that give rise to a strong dental sensitivity when the dental nerve remains exposed to cold, heat and sweet foods.

In addition to breaking, enamel is also susceptible to deterioration. There are some foods that should be avoided if you want to protect your tooth enamel.

One of the most harmful things for tooth enamel is soft drinks, since both sugar and acids dissolve the enamel. Soft drinks with citrus flavors are more acidic and therefore more harmful than others, although sports drinks and energy drinks also usually contain high levels of acids.

Citrus juices and fruits also have high levels of acidity, although, unlike soft drinks, they have health benefits, so they are taken in moderation and with foods that are not acidic to neutralize the acidity and the damage to the enamel.

It is important to avoid candy, sweets and jellybeans, since their high level of sugar contributes to the deterioration of the enamel.

Chewing gum, enemies of the dental health of the little ones

Advantages of chewing gum for children

The main advantage is that chewing gum helps to produce a greater amount of saliva, so it favors digestion and not having a dry mouth, in addition to reducing anxiety and hunger, and is a way to prevent children from being itching at the wrong time.

In addition, it is a very common method to help them reduce nerves. Chewing gums that have xylitol, also help to strengthen the enamel, slow down the appearance of plaque or even provide calcium phosphate. At other times, some doctors may recommend them for some types of otitis.

In addition, if we do not have a toothbrush at hand, it may be useful to chew gum since it will clean your teeth even if it is not a total substitute for brushing.

Disadvantages of chewing gum in the smallest

As it has advantages, it also has different drawbacks to your health, especially if its use is abused.

In addition, when swallowed and chewed to avoid the anxiety of eating, can cause gas and therefore gastrointestinal problems. In addition, even in some cases, if its use is exceeded it could influence the development of the jaw, while it can cause headaches, ears and molars, so its use is not recommended the child under 4 years.

Therefore, the decision is in your hands about letting you chew gum or not on your child, since you already have all the advantages and disadvantages of your consumption.

Chewing gum ally or enemy of oral health

Known for a long time as the villains of oral health, at present some chewing gum changed sides and can be considered allies. Some brands promise to clear the teeth, and it is correct to say that the gum can contribute to the increase in salivary flow and even remove the remains of food that remain accumulated in the teeth after meals. However, those that contain sugar in their composition continue to cause more harm than good.

The first positive point in favor of sugar-free gum is related to the cleaning of teeth. These chewing gums can be an option for those people who eat something and do not have the ideal conditions ─with a brush, toothpaste and floss to clean themselves. It is a minimal help; ideally, the patient should maintain conventional sanitation, but chewing gum can be an accessory. That’s right: it never replaces brushing??

Chewing gum produces an increase in salivary flow. Saliva, in turn, has an essential role for oral health, since it acts in defense of the organism, keeps the tissues moist and contributes to the removal of food debris. Patients who have dry mouth as a result of a disease, such as diabetes, often use sugar-free gum in a therapeutic way, just to produce more saliva and minimize the damage of xerostomia.

The increase in salivary flow also helps to rebalance the pH of the mouth, which becomes acidic when we eat foods with sugar, and to demineralize the tooth enamel, so that the teeth are less susceptible to decay. On the other hand, chewing sugar gums have the opposite effect, since they leave the oral cavity more acidic, which promotes enamel wear and makes the environment more conducive to the development of caries.

Like the rest of the physical exercises, chewing can increase muscle tone, but its excessive use can cause facial and headaches. Patients with occlusion problems should be even more careful when chewing gum.

With regard to the possible bleaching effect promised by some brands, there are still controversies. Both professionals defend that to make teeth whitening it is necessary to use chemical products that, when they come into constant contact with the oral cavity, can cause lesions in the gums or on the tongue, in addition to increasing the sensitivity of the teeth. So, if you want to clear your teeth, the best option is to talk with your dentist.

Tooth trembling and mechanisms to warm the body

When our body temperature drops, the cold receptors, to warm the organism, send impulses to the hypothalamus, which is a body in charge of controlling the temperature of the body.

Other reactions of the body when it is found at low temperatures are:

  • Contract the blood vessels. The vasoconstriction of the skin has as its mission to flow less warm blood through the outer layers and thus save heat.
  • Produce adrenaline and thyroxin to increase heat production.
  • Raise the heart rate and tense and cause tremor in the muscles to generate heat. In line with this last reaction, it is very common to shiver with the whole body when we are cold, because the muscles contract involuntarily. The muscles of the cheek area move rapidly and rhythmically and the jaws collide with each other.

On the opposite side, when it is very hot, the thermoregulation system of the body has other mechanisms such as sweating to try to always maintain body temperature at 37 degrees Celsius.

Dental crowding

By dental crowding we understand the lack of space in the mouth so that all the teeth can adjust normally within the space available in it. When dental crowding occurs, teeth may be bent or displaced from their ideal position. The dental crowding is caused by a discrepancy in tooth size relative to the size of the jaw or when teeth are larger than the space available in the mouth. Also, dental crowding can be caused by the incorrect eruption of the teeth during the growth of the child and also by the early or late loss of the milk teeth.

The dental crowding must be corrected since otherwise we can find one of the following problems:

  • Prevent adequate cleaning of all surfaces of the teeth and, consequently, promote the appearance of dental caries
  • Increase the chances of gum diseases
  • Prevent the proper functioning of the teeth
  • Will undoubtedly also cause the child’s smile to be less attractive and thereby affect the self-esteem of the child throughout his life

How to treat dental crowding

Dental crowding can be corrected by an orthodontic treatment detected early. For this reason, it is very important to perform periodic mouth examinations for children as young as 5 or 6 years old and to control the overall growth of their mouth in this way.

The additional necessary space to avoid dental crowding can be created mainly through two forms, depending on the age and time at which the problem is detected: by expanding the palate and the buckle arches or by extracting a tooth if such expansion is no longer possible. Once the space is created, the oral devices will help us eliminate tooth crowding and align the teeth to their correct position.

Remember that correction of dental crowding can help prevent tooth decay and periodontal disease by improving the ability to remove plaque from teeth.