Having a beautiful smile, functional and healthy, is something that can be achieved thanks to dentistry.
Orthodontics is the specialty of Dentistry that is responsible for the correction of dental and / or skeletal malocclusions. That is, the specialty that corrects bones and teeth that are poorly placed or located, making the teeth stay more aligned, practical and aesthetic.
Its results are more effective during the childhood stage (timely care), since during development it is easier to correct bone defects and dental malposition’s to show beautiful adult teeth in the adult stage.
WHAT DOES THE NEED FOR CHILD ORTHODONTICS INDICATE?
There are very important signs that always require early treatment:
- Cross bite, when the upper part and the lower part of the mouth do not agree with each other. This creates asymmetries, which if not addressed in time, when the patient is a teenager are very difficult to treat.
- If your child breathes through your mouth, oral habits such as sucking your finger or lip Jaw very out.
- It is also very important to ask about the dental history of the parents, since a significant percentage is of hereditary origin.
WHEN AND IN WHAT CIRCUMSTANCES SHOULD WE TAKE A SPECIALIST IN ORTHODONTICS TO CHILDREN?
It would be advisable that the first revision by an orthodontist be made around 7-8 years, since it is the moment in which the group of definitive upper and lower incisors has erupted, and bone growth is important, which allows us to diagnose if there is a problem that can be corrected early.
If the dental replacement and occlusion are correct, we will make annual revisions to control the correct dental eruption.
It is also advisable to take the child to the pediatric dentist (specialist in Children’s Dentistry) from 3 years, as a rule once a year. And he will be the one to notify the parents if a visit to the orthodontist is necessary before the usual, due to the presence of some problem of skeletal malocclusion, since there are cases in which it is important to start correcting the bone problem before they begin to appear the first definitive teeth.
HOW LONG DOES THE TREATMENT OF CHILD ORTHODONTICS LAST?
The treatment lasts between six months and a year and a half, although it depends on each case. You have to make a first visit to pediatric dentistry and orthodontics. This first visit has to be done when temporary identification is considered, after three and four years the patient is seen and treatment is individualized.
WHAT ARE THE X-RAYS REQUIRED FOR ME TO BEGIN THE ORTHODONTICS?
They serve to evaluate the quality of the bones, of the roots, if there is presence of caries or of other pathologies that must be corrected before beginning the orthodontics and to evaluate the growth of the jaws. The type of x-rays and the amount depends on the diagnosis identified at the first assessment appointment.
WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS OF A PRECOZED ORTHODONTIC TREATMENT?
Especially to prevent a later and very complex orthodontic treatment. There are things that if treated in time make growth symmetrical and natural. These early treatments are focused on bone treatment: expanding the palate, favoring the growth of a jaw or maxilla. When the bones are arranged it is very easy to place the teeth well in their places.
HOW DO I HAVE TO BRUSH ME WITH THE BRACKETS?
The proper hygiene of the teeth during orthodontics is essential for success in the outcome of the treatment. Otherwise the patient will begin to notice redness of the gums, frequent bleeding when brushing, dull white and brown spots, bad breath, decay, etc.
The basic thing for good hygiene with braces is the toothbrush, interdental brush, dental floss and fluoride mouthwash.