By dental crowding we understand the lack of space in the mouth so that all the teeth can adjust normally within the space available in it. When dental crowding occurs, teeth may be bent or displaced from their ideal position. The dental crowding is caused by a discrepancy in tooth size relative to the size of the jaw or when teeth are larger than the space available in the mouth. Also, dental crowding can be caused by the incorrect eruption of the teeth during the growth of the child and also by the early or late loss of the milk teeth.
The dental crowding must be corrected since otherwise we can find one of the following problems:
- Prevent adequate cleaning of all surfaces of the teeth and, consequently, promote the appearance of dental caries
- Increase the chances of gum diseases
- Prevent the proper functioning of the teeth
- Will undoubtedly also cause the child’s smile to be less attractive and thereby affect the self-esteem of the child throughout his life
How to treat dental crowding
Dental crowding can be corrected by an orthodontic treatment detected early. For this reason, it is very important to perform periodic mouth examinations for children as young as 5 or 6 years old and to control the overall growth of their mouth in this way.
The additional necessary space to avoid dental crowding can be created mainly through two forms, depending on the age and time at which the problem is detected: by expanding the palate and the buckle arches or by extracting a tooth if such expansion is no longer possible. Once the space is created, the oral devices will help us eliminate tooth crowding and align the teeth to their correct position.
Remember that correction of dental crowding can help prevent tooth decay and periodontal disease by improving the ability to remove plaque from teeth.