Pain and inflammation of the gums is usually the result of periodontal disease or gingivitis. While this is not always the case, it is fair to assume that this is what we’re dealing with. Gingivitis is common and preventable. The disease begins when plaque stays on the teeth for a long time and becomes tartar. Tartar cannot be removed with wire brushing and dental. Once it is in the teeth, it acts as a reservoir of bacteria and eventually irritate and infect the gums on the basis of the teeth. This causes swelling, pain and bleeding.
Treatment of gingivitis
The first step in treating gingivitis is a dentist thoroughly clean the teeth. Tartar which led to this condition cannot be removed at home, so cleaning is necessary. This cleaning will probably be a bit uncomfortable, especially if the gums are already irritated. Use an antiseptic mouthwash will also be part of the treatment after cleaning. This mouthwash is effective in cleaning any bacteria. The gums usually heal in a short period of time, assuming that you practice good oral hygiene by brushing and flossing thoroughly every day.
The importance of proper treatment
Gingivitis may not sound like a daunting disease, but can lead to serious complications if not treated properly. Untreated, gingivitis can lead to periodontitis. Periodontitis can cause tooth loss and could lead to a heart attack or stroke, according to the Medical Center of the University of Maryland. Pregnant women with periodontitis are also much more likely to give birth to premature babies.
Other causes of sore gums
If you do not believe that gingivitis is the reason why your gums are swollen and painful, other conditions may be the cause. According to the National Institutes of Health, inflamed gums can be caused by viral or fungal infections, malnutrition, not fitting dentures, pregnancy, and sensitivity to toothpaste or mouthwash, a reaction to a prescription such as Dilantin or phenobarbital or scurvy. If inflamed gums are accompanied by fever or symptoms of “flu”, consult a doctor for treatment of a possible infection.
If you are fitted with prostheses or are pregnant, you may want to talk to your dentist or doctor about whether you may have a complication that affects your oral health. Scurvy is rare in the US and it is typically found in older, or undernourished. The treatment for scurvy involves high doses of ascorbic acid (vitamin C) and can usually be treated effectively.
If you think you are having a reaction to your toothpaste or mouthwash, try a different to see if symptoms improve type. If you are using a prescription drug that could be causing swelling and pain in the gums, consult your doctor immediately as you may need to stop using the drug.
An effective home remedy for inflammation of the gums is the use of a simple compound of water and lemon gargle. Boil water and squeezes a lemon. Pour hot water into a glass and let it enough to put it in his mouth to cool. Make swish the water as you would any mouthwash. Repeat this process at least twice a day. The gums begin to return to normal size and this rinse will also remove the odor associated with the disease.